Bradley Manning Had Secrets


Written and Directed by Adam Butcher
Voice Actors Danny Mahoney and Angus Dunican
Film Crew Alisdair Cairns and Alec Milne
Animation Ben Claxton and Adam Butcher
Original Soundtrack Blair Mowat
An Animate Projects commission supported by Jerwood Charitable Foundation and National Lottery through Arts Council England


The story of Chelsea Manning (formerly known as Bradley), not as a Wikileaks ’hacktivist’, but as a young American soldier simultaneously going through a crisis-of-conscience and a crisis-of-gender-identity.

Using Adrian Lamo’s chat logs of instant messenger conversations, the film explores issues of personal and political secrets, digital identity and alienation.

Technical Details

Live action footage, resized to low resolution (102x57 pixels). Manually rotoscoped frame-by-frame in GraphicsGale at 12.5 fps. Rendered in After Effects.


Ben Claxton is an animator and artist trained for the computer game industry. Butcher and Claxton have been collaborating on freeware computer games for over a decade.


Blair Mowat is an award-winning film composer. Mowat has scored two previous Butcher films.